The role of private universities in higher education is increasing day by day. Let’s quickly have a look at the reasons behind the rise in the number of private universities in India. Also, let’s figure out together whether this continuously moving upward trend of private universities boon or bane for India.
What are private universities?
As the name private itself suggests, private universities are those colleges that are not funded by the government.
They are sponsored by various bodies, societies or trusts. They work as an independent institution and can set up their own objectives and regulations but at the same time while setting up a private university certain UGC (University guidelines commission ) laws must be followed so as to protect the interests of students.
Furthermore, they simply depend on tuition fees and donations from students for their funds.
Statistics showing the share of the private sector in higher education.
As of March 2019, there were a total of 907 UGC approved universities in India. Out of which 399 were State Universities and 344 were Private Universities and the remaining were deemed and central universities.
As of October 1, 2020, UGC announced a list of total universities in India which stands to 958. Out of which 416 are state universities and 364 are private universities and the rest are central and deemed universities.
Number of increase in state universities = 17 ( 416 – 399 )
Number of increase in private universities = 30 ( 364 – 334)
RESULTS: The annual rate of increase in private universities is almost double ( precisely noting – 1.76 ) as compared to the increase in state universities in the year 2020, so are private universities boon or bane
According to one such data, more than
50 % of primary education is in the hands of private schools. Now it seems that the private sector is overtaking the public sector in higher education also.
REASONS BEHIND THE ENTRY OF PRIVATE SECTOR IN THE FIELD OF HIGHER EDUCATION
Because of the loopholes in government colleges, a strong need arose for the establishment of private universities. Some of the demerits of government colleges are as follows :
Limited funds for various operations
There are a huge number of government colleges in every state but the state has relatively limited funds to allocate to each college.
Hence, it can be witnessed that many government colleges have poor infrastructure facilities, inefficient administrative systems, and students have access to minimum amenities because of limited resources available with the state colleges.
Well, there are some exceptions like IITs, IIMs and other central universities which is indeed a government college and still has the marvellous infrastructure and all the premium amenities.
Very less interaction between students and teachers
In government colleges, there are large numbers of students in one class. Hence, one to one conversation with faculties becomes really difficult. Doubts remain unsolved and the performance of students are adversely affected.
Change is necessary from time to time. But when any government college wants to make required amendments in their policies or procedures, they need to take government approval which is, as usual, a very complex process owing to which the administration probably wishes to avoid it.
Less motivated faculties
Government colleges do recruit highly trained faculties but once recruited, their jobs are secured for a long time, their promotion is fixed after certain years.
Therefore, faculties are least interested in putting in much effort for students. Also, they aren’t motivated to try different ways to enrich students and enhance their skills.
Here, teachers don’t give their best as they don’t have that managerial fear that they could be fired from their jobs if they don’t perform their duties well.
Due to all such loopholes of government colleges, privatization of higher education became the need of the hour.
so are Private universities boon or bane
WHY MANY PARENTS PREFER PRIVATE universities OVER GOVERNMENT COLLEGES?
Because of the following pros of private universities, many parents choose private universities for their children over government colleges :
Excellent infrastructure facilities
Most of the private universities have fantastic infrastructure facilities because they have to compete with already well-recognized government colleges.
So they attract students by offering premium amenities such as a separate auditorium, gym, research laboratories and much more. In addition to that, they don’t have so much financial crunch, unlike government colleges.
Private universities also provide guest lectures by experts. Moreover, they also arrange industrial visits for their students so that they can have practical on-field experience.
Furthermore, research and analysis based live projects are given to students. In the end, all these skills appear on students’ resumes like a cherry on the cake.
Students’ voice is heard
Private universities have smaller classes. The number of students is limited. As a result of which students can have one to one interaction with their faculties.
Besides, professors can closely evaluate everybody’s performance and guide them as the class strength is smaller.
Highly encouraged faculties
In private universities, faculty members have very high managerial accountability. They are promoted based on their performances. In the reverse case, they can be fired.
So, professors are more focused and always try to come up with the best for students as the growth of their faculty members and the values and growth of private institutions are strongly interlinked.
Flexibility is the need of the hour. In private universities, it is easy to bring internal changes so as to adjust with external forces affecting the institution.
Additionally, the process of bringing a change in policies or procedures is less time consuming as the respective authorities are readily available for decision making.
Due to these boon of Private universities, many people prefer them
WHY SOME PEOPLE DON’T PREFER PRIVATE universities?
As every coin has two sides, we have explored the side containing all the pros. Now let’s flip a coin and have a quick look at demerits or cons of studying in a private universities.
High fees structure
Private universities are very expensive because they don’t get any financial aid from the government.
They rely mostly on tuition fees and donations for covering their costs and earning profits. This being the case, they charge very high fees from students.
And as there is a rosy picture of private universities painted on people’s minds, parents are even ready to bear a larger financial burden.
Generates a feeling of inequality in society
As private universities are highly expensive, poor and middle-class people can’t afford it. So, when they see rich students studying in private colleges and enjoying premium quality education, they get inferiority complexes.
They start comparing themselves with those rich students and start doubting their own worth. They even feel jealous. As a result of this, many times social harmony is disturbed.
Limited career options
There are innumerous career options available with students for pursuing under public universities. But in private universities, they only get limited courses.
Less credibility worldwide
All private universities don’t have international or national credibility. Being so, a degree from a private university becomes less valuable while applying for a job if your private college doesn’t have recognition in that particular zone.
So it is very much necessary to be extra careful on our part while selecting a private university because on October 7, 2020, UGC notified 24 fake universities in India.
TWO STEPS TO IDENTIFY A FAKE UNIVERSITY AS SUGGESTED BY UGC
- Before enrolling in any university, a student must check for the updated list of fake universities that UGC publish from time to time. Owing to the fact that degrees from such totally unrecognized institutions are not valid anywhere.
- In addition to that, a student must cross-check the updated list of approved universities published by UGC and see whether his/her selected university lies in the approved list or not.
After having detailed discussion, to come to the one side of whether private universities are boon or bane for India is very difficult. Rather it will always remain a debatable topic because rich and wealthy people consider it a boon.
poor and middle-class people treat it as a bane.
From the viewpoint of an economy, it is surely a boon as the extensive investments by private universities drive smoothly the cycle of money which further leads to economic growth and development.
Some of the best examples of the above process are Harvard University, Stanford University, Yale University, etc. worldwide recognized universities are all private universities and they clearly prove to be a boon for their respective countries.
Also, such highly popular private universities attract talent from all across the globe which further helps in the development of the country. So, if in India also we establish such globally famous universities, it will definitely be a boon for our country.
But being impressed by the economic advantage of private universities and universities, we should not ignore the psychological effect that these universities have on the common person’s mind.
Therefore, the government should not take his hands back and completely leave the responsibility of providing quality education to the private sector. Because in this way, our goal of quality education for all can’t be fulfilled.
Owing to which the poor and lower middle class will extremely suffer.
Rather the government should also get into the competition with other private universities since competition compels you to improve the quality of your product or service which in this case means an improvement in the quality of education provided by the government. Thus, our goal of quality education for all can be satisfied.
EXPLANATION OF THIS ENTIRE ARTICLE WITH THE SIMPLEST EXAMPLE.
The concept of studying in private universities is like subscribing to the premium plan of Netflix, Amazon Prime, Youtube or having a premium version of any software Which simply means that by paying extra money you can get premium facilities or functions.
On the other hand, studying in government colleges is like using a free basic version of youtube or any other software which means you will have access to only basic functions of that portal.
So, even if you can’t afford a premium package, you are not deprived of basic facilities. Same is the case with government colleges where we get the basic facilities required for education. And you have to pay extra money for accessing the premium quality of education.
It’s not like that if we can’t use premium things, nobody else will do it. So, the thinking that premium or exclusive things should not exist is probably wrong.
Those who can afford premium things (be it education or subscription to any application ) can benefit from it and enjoy it.
Until we too can have it, we should enjoy our basic packages and request the related authorities to include more and more quality features in our basic education plans.
Till then let me know in the comments what are the premium facilities that you would like to have in your basic education plan?
So that we can make it reach to the respective authorities and get them added in our basic education plans.
so tell us your views is Private universities boon or bane