Policing is the dynamic function of a society that concerns itself with public safety by
overcoming community problems. This facet of the society has been institutionalized
by modern society as Police Force.
Characterized by the ideology of the security, that is, recognizing the ‘security’ as a moral good; the institutionalized police force and the reforms that became a global trend have a limited scope of action.
how do the police work?
Based on the age-old philosophy of punishment and understood in its most basic essence,
the modern police force primarily acts by managing the crisis and responding to the call often reported by the citizens (FIR).
However, one of their observed failures emerges from their inability to attack the source of the offense or repeated incidents.
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Why do police fail to work efficiently?
This could be a direct result of the decentralized authority, i.e., the administrative authority of a country’s territory; over the police force. Similar to what can be observed in a country like India.
Such an administrative model dramatically reduces the independent working capacity of the police force as they are directly under the command of the state’s hea
Why Autonomy is necessary?
The earlier mentioned Independent working of the police force undoubtedly refers to its
autonomy over decision making concerning the organization such as dividing itself into a
the hierarchal structure that would not be controlled by any other body but can remain checked through different means or counter-institution, similar to the Judicial body of India.
Although much argued, the answer to the question as to why police should be allowed to work independently is still not clearly outlined.
But a selected compression of varying opinions and ideologies may provide an answer to the debatable question was again fanned into the Indian social conversations by the recent involvement of Mumbai police in the alleged suicide of Bollywood actor, Sushant Singh Rajput.
Control leads to compliance; autonomy leads to engagement.Daniel H. Pink
Unified Autonomy in Police
With the previous mentions of decentralized authority that draw upon the Anglo-Saxon model of Territorialisation, i.e. placing police force under a state or federal authority; it is clearly stated that such a model leads to the fragmented functioning of the police force.
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An autonomous formation of the institutionalized policing would reduce the control of the
inexperienced head in the field of public security that may entice them to embezzle funds and order the policing personnel to their biddings.
The police force is a kind of first-line organization that is directly in contact with the community and is expected to prioritize the petty calls.
Autonomy would allow them to form sub-divisionary forces responsible for crimes based on severity or as required by the organizational body without going through the delay of the legal proceedings of a democratic society.
This possibility for restructuring in autonomy might pave the way for better communal
interactions and place more direct authority in the hands of the police force to handle cross- territorial cases.
Police forces, alone cannot mitigate the crimes; yet independently can increase their overall efficiency.
Allocation of Resources
Our environment, the world in which we live and work, is a mirror of our attitudes and expectations.
The leakage of resources out the policing system affects the working environment of the
members of the force. An independent institution gives them the scope of managing its own resources.
The first response to the rise in the crime rates, by the heads of the authority over the police force; is to increase the number of personnel as noted in the policing system of various countries.
But this may not be a useful answer to the crisis at hand. The responsibility of
allocation of human resources and armaments essentially lies with the state which, as
previously expressed, may not have the required expertise on the matter and seek personal gain over the organisation’s proficiency.
Independence in the management of the resources, indicatively, may also contribute to the successful investigation and establish room for better performance through the assistance of superior weaponry and technology along with appropriate involvement of personnel.
Prevention instead of repression
The police force is the public, and the public is the police force.Sir Robert Peel
It is be noted that there is a vast difference between theorising and implementation, ideal and real. Moral duties of the modern police force were theorised almost 150 years ago; yet, the reality remains far from the expected proper function – the function of prevention or discouragement of crime.
Globally, the incidences of crime against the property or person are on the rise. As reported by the United Nations, there is a 10% increase in violent acts of corruption.
Thus, it is to be assumed that the real implementation of the theorised ideology behind the most fundamental duty of the police force, that is, the prevention of crime; is failing.
An independent organisation, assuming the responsibility of the institutionalised policing, may have the ability to prevent the crime instead of merely repressing it.
Independence would allow organised structures and better allocation of resources that would assist in tracking down the source of a repeated offence; uprooting the direct cause, instead of simply punishing the offender after the acts of crime.
Moving away from the political and social involvements in the modern police force, discussions concerning policing systems should consider returning to the central role of the police, formation of a closer relationship with the community, and maintenance of law and order.
The police force will always be responsible for the public order, even if they operate in a
context respectful of human rights. They will have to contain the offences and track down the offenders to be judged by the judicial system and will retain the special responsibility of fighting against the organised crime.
It can be achieved through civil co-operation with the freedom to act as per required; despite the police system suffering from the myriads of deficiencies from inadequacy in the infrastructure, environment and organization to the ineffective distribution of the manpower along with obsolete weaponry and intelligence gathering techniques.
Viewing the arguments and discussions that were presented the article, the enforcing body of law and order is falling short in safeguarding the public security; maybe, there really is a call for reformation- starting from police forces independence in their working space.