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TECHNOLOGY IN COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE

Never-ending summers, drought laced monsoon season, not so welcoming winters, melting glaciers and ice tops, smog covered mornings and evenings. Climate change is real, but how can technology help in combating it

Climate change is a catastrophe for the modern world. Over the past 150 years, there has been a tremendous increase in the number of greenhouse gases, Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, Hydrofluorocarbon, Perfluorocarbon among others.

Most of the greenhouse gases emitted today will remain in the atmosphere a century from now and will continue to increase the temperature of the Earth. Methane- the most profound gas of them all, has eighty times more warming power than carbon dioxide.

melting glaciers

Humans have evolved so does their ways of living, leading to technological advances. The first major impact of technology was in the 1880s, during the second industrial revolution.

These advances lead to the use of fossil fuels to generate energy that in turn leads to carbon emissions. In a world where technology is in our DNA. Are you ready to quit for the sake of mother nature? But what if technology can innovate to reduces the loss. That’s an eminent idea. Can innovation lead to prevention? A debate worthy question.

But recent developments have open doors for answers.

Read: 5G technology and challenges

Technology in Electric vehicles:

electric vehicles
  • Can they bring about a meaningful reduction in greenhouse gas emissions? Yes, they can.
  • According to researchers, they can lead to about 30 percent reduction in emissions from transportation although it requires overnight charging.
  • Vehicle electrification can reduce premature deaths as combustion engines produce particulate matter along with other harmful pollutants.
  • It is also light on pocket when compared to the cost of treatment of diseases caused by these pollutants.

Solar panels and Wind turbine:

solar panels and wind turbines
  • Renewable energy is a great option for the production of energy while diminishing dependence on fossil fuels.
  • A solar panel produces fewer emissions of greenhouse gases. While there may be some emissions during production, manufacturing, and recycling of solar panels, the generation of energy leads to zero emissions and environmental harm.
  • Wind turbines, on the other hand, have some of the lowest impacts on climate change, and also turbines redistribute by mixing leading to climate change.

Technology in Smart homes:

Smart home
  • People use so many devices that are left plugged in their homes, charging, and recharging. Refrigerators, television, desktop, radiators to stay warm, several lamps to light homes, all of the portable devices they consume loads of energy leading to an increase in bills and carbon emissions.
  • In smart homes, everything from lamps to refrigerators to desktops can be regulated and auto-adjusted.
  •  For example, scheduling our devices and remote control timer can reduce the consumption time of the device.
  • An air conditioner can change its temperature depending on the time of the day. Room heaters can be adjusted according to the occupancy of the room. Switching to power saving mode when no one is around.
  • Smart meters allow people to control energy usage, which is beneficial both to consumer pocket and environment wallet.
Read: Flood crisis in India: A call for better flood management

Waste management:

waste management
  • The hills of wastes piling up on Earth are another reason for climate change, a rather dreadful one. Why? 
  • Humans don’t plan in near future to reduce the amount of waste. They clearly don’t see any reason to.
  • But this waste consists of harmful chemicals remain in the soil, without degrading even a bit. Burning of which leads to carbon emission.
  • There are multiple technological options to reduce emissions from consumer waste.
  • Composting can eliminate greenhouse emissions from landfills and reduce overall solid waste emissions.
  • Decomposition in fields emits methane, whereas composting emits carbon dioxide which has lesser greenhouse gas potential.
  • Dumping of medical wastes can be stopped and they can be recycled, by proper collection and disposal.

Manufacturing products:

industrial pollution
  • Producing products for people can lead to high consumption of energy leading to further strain on the environment.
  • So Carbon Engineering, a Canadian start-up has developed a plant to take carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere to produce energy.
  • According to the company direct carbon dioxide capture can lead to more removal than plants and trees.
  • They are already running a demonstration in Canada.

Food production

food production
  • Increase in the population has also lead to increase in food demands across the globe.
  • Most of the people being non vegetarian lead to greater demands of meat, which in turn lead to more utilisation of energy.
  • Nowadays as meat is a common source of energy different restaurant and food outlets are experimenting on changing the ways we eat while taking care of our health .
  • One solution to this may be creating food sometimes meat substitute using technology.

Stubble burning:

burning
  • Stubble burning is intentionally burning the straw or hay in the field .
  • This is not only a major health hazard but also produces uncontrollable amount of carbon emissions.
  • For preventing this scientists have developed a technique called waste decomposer.
  • In this a capsule is developed that is mixed with jaggery and chick pea flour in the stubble so that it decomposes itself into manure form.

Bio-technology :

Biotech
  • Creating plants and things biologically so that they can reduce the carbon emissions along with the nitrogenous waste.

Conclusion

recycle earth

There is no cure for what has already been done, but we can always prevent further harm. Thus ’s the beauty of technology where it can create something amazing or destroy something completely. temperature is rising at a horrendous speed along with the extinction of various flora and fauna. his need of an hour to finally realize that our environment is our first priority. It’s in our hands how to utilize it and save mother nature from a catastrophe disaster.

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